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Heat Transfer Coefficient (U) Depends on Many Variables

The over-all heat transfer coefficient is a measure of performance. It evaluates the ability of the tube in a given mechanical arrangement to transmit heat from one fluid to another.

A clearer concept of heat transfer can be gained by considering the reciprocal of heat transfer coefficient, which we may term heat flow resistance. The advantage of this mathematical inversion lies in the fact that over-all resistance is the simple sum of five individual resistances. These are the resistance to the flow of heat through the tube side fluid, tube side scale, tube metal, shell side scale and shell side fluid.

Usually the smallest individual resistance to heat transfer is that of the metal tube wall itself.

How the various heat flow resistances affect U, the heat transfer coefficient, can be shown in the equation:

Where:

= resistance to flow of heat through the tube side fluid film

= resistance to flow of heat through scale deposits inside the tube -Fouling resistance

= resistance to flow of heat through metal tube wall

= resistance to flow of heat through scale deposits outside the tube -fouling resistance

= resistance to flow of heat through shell side fluid film

CMS Heat Transfer Division, Inc.

273 Knickerbocker Avenue Bohemia, NY 11716 USA

Tel: 631-968-0084 Fax: 631-968-0184 Email: info@cmsheattransfer.com



CMS Heat Transfer products include shell and tube heat exchangers, fixed tubesheet and u-tube exchangers, oil coolers, pre-heaters, condensers, after-coolers, steam converters, kettles, reboilers and evaporators. CMS engineering include custom heat exchanger, process and mechanical design services to all TEMA and ASME conformance requirements.

IMPORTANT DISCLAIMER: All information provided on this site is for reference. While we make effort to provide accurate information, CMS cannot be held responsible for errors either of omission or typographical.



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